Artificial Intelligence, otherwise called AI, and Data Science are the two most significant technologies today. Often people consider it as the same thing, yet in reality, actually, they are not the same. Artificial Intelligence is utilized in the field of Data Science for its tasks. Here in this article now we will examine the various ideas of Artificial Intelligence versus Data Science.
Let’s understand these technologies one by one and later we will see how they are connected.
What is Data Science?
Data Science is a dominant field in the IT industry and has found its way pretty much in every industry today. It is a wide field that mostly relates to data processes and data systems, and it expects to take a shot at these datasets to get significant information from them. In this area, data goes about as the fuel that helps in removing valuable and significant experiences with respect to organizations and in recognizing the current market patterns.
While data scientists regularly come from a wide range of educational backgrounds and different work experience, most of them should be strong in, or in an ideal case expert in four essential fundamentals. And these are as below:
- Mathematics (incorporates measurements and likelihood)
- Computer science (e.g., programming/data design and designing)
- Communication (both composed and verbal)
Based on these fundamentals, data scientist definition – Data scientist is an individual who should have the option to use existing data sources and make new ones varying to separate significant information and noteworthy experiences. A data scientist is able to do this through business domain expertise, effective communication, and results in interpretation. Also, the utilization of all relevant statistical techniques, programming languages, software packages, libraries, and data infrastructure is a must. The experiences that data scientists should be driving business choices and making moves planned to accomplish business objectives.
We understood data science and its job role; let’s now talk about artificial intelligence.
What is Artificial Intelligence?
Mathematician Alan Turing succeeded in changing history a second time with a basic inquiry: “Can machines think?” during the Nazi encryption machine Enigma and supporting the Allied Forces to win World War II.
The significant constraint in characterizing AI as basically “building machines that are intelligent” doesn’t really clarify what artificial intelligence is? What makes a machine clever?
At its center, AI is the part of computer science that plans to respond to Turing’s inquiry in the positive. It is the undertaking to imitate or simulate human intelligence in machines.
Like data science, AI is also based on four pillars. Pillars are as below:
- Thinking humanly
- Thinking normally
- Acting humanly
- Acting normally
The initial two thoughts concern processes and reasoning, while others are concerned about behavior. Norvig and Russell who invented this pillar focus especially on rational agents that demonstrate to accomplish the best result, noticing “all the aptitudes required for the Turing Test likewise permit a specialist to act rationally.”
While these definitions may appear to be abstract to the normal individual, they help center the field as a field of computer science and give a plan to infusing machines and projects with AI and different subsets of artificial intelligence.
Now that we understood both the technologies (Data Science and Artificial Intelligence) let’s see what are the similarities and differences.
Connection and difference between Data Science and AI
Human intelligence develops on what we read, notice, learn, sense, and experience. It’s our capacity to store huge amounts of data, amassed over years, and co-relating a couple of data focuses to address certain questions that make us clever.
For machines to duplicate human intelligence, they’ll need to retain a huge measure of data and access certain correlating data focuses at a given purpose of time to settle on a savvy choice.
Data science assists with the “co-connection” of data, consolidating numerous data focuses to get significant information from the immense measure of data. A machine, with such abilities, will make for a decent beginning stage for artificial intelligence. That’s the connection between data science and artificial intelligence.
You can say Data Science and artificial intelligence are interdependent on each other however they are not the same.
Future of Data Science and Artificial Intelligence
Both AI and Data Science are worthwhile professional decisions particularly in view of their remarkable development rate. Even though both these fields are interrelated and not mutually exclusive while considering the abilities needed to secure positions in these fields, they mostly concur with one another.
Future of Data Science:
As most of the fields are continuously emerging, the significance of data science is additionally expanding rapidly. Data science has impacted various areas. Its impact can be seen in numerous areas, for example, the retail business, medical care, and education. In the medical care industry, new meds and techniques are being found constantly and there is a necessity for better care for patients. With the assistance of data science techniques, the medical care area can discover an answer that assists with dealing with the patients. Education is another field where the advantages of data science can be seen clearly.
Recent technologies like cell phones and laptops have now become a significant piece of the schooling framework. With the assistance of data science, better opportunities are created for the students which empowers them to improve their knowledge.
Future of Artificial intelligence:
Like data science, Artificial intelligence is also affecting the future of all industries and each individual. Artificial intelligence is the primary driver of emerging technologies like big data, machine learning, and IoT, and it will keep on going about as an innovative trailblazer in near future.
Technology specialists over the world have anticipated that network artificial intelligence will enhance human viability other than threatening human self-rule, and abilities. We are not a long way from the time of super AI where the algorithm may coordinate or even surpass human intelligence and abilities on assignments which include complex decision making, sophisticated analytics, pattern recognition, reasoning and learning, language translation, visual acuity, and speech recognition
There are numerous organizations dependent on Artificial Intelligence that extend to pure AI employment opportunity positions, for example, Data scientist, NLP Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, and Deep Learning Scientist. Different procedures on data are performed utilizing the Data Science calculations executed in dialects like Python and R. Key choices today are taken dependent on the Data that is handled by Data scientists. Subsequently, Data science needs to assume an indispensable part of any organization.